Contemporary Clinical Dentistry

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2021  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 383--388

Could different formulations of grape seed (vitis vinifera) influence the physical properties of conventional glass ionomer cement?


Neven S Aref1, Reham M Abdallah2 
1 Department of Dental Biomaterials, Faculty of Dentistry, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt; Department of Basic Oral and Medical Sciences, College of Dentistry, Qassim University, Buraydah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Dental Biomaterials, Faculty of Dentistry, Mansoura University, Mansoura; Department of Dental Biomaterials, Faculty of Dentistry, Horus University, New Damietta, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Neven S Aref
Department of Dental Biomaterials, Faculty of Dentistry, 35516 El Gomhoria St, Mansoura University, Mansoura

Objective: The aim is to evaluate the ability of different formulations of grape seed (GS) to influence the physical properties of conventional glass ionomer cement (GIC). Materials and Methods: Five groups were considered; Group I: Unmodified GIC (control), II: 3% v/v GS oil-modified GIC, III: 5% v/v GS oil-modified GIC, IV: 3% v/v ethanolic extract of GS (EEGS)-modified GIC and V: 5% v/v EEGS-modified GIC. Assessment parameters were; compressive strength, shear bond strength, surface roughness, water sorption and solubility and color difference. A representative specimen of each group was used for being analyzed by the Fourier transformation infrared spectroscopy. Analysis of variance was used to compare the results, followed by a Tukey post hoc test (P < 0.05). Results: 3% v/v GS oil-modified GIC only exhibited a significant increase in its compressive strength and shear bond strength. Concurrently, there was a significant decrease in surface roughness, water sorption and solubility for 3% v/v GS oil-modified GIC group (P < 0.05). The least color change was for 3% v/v GS oil-modified GIC, which is a clinically acceptable change. Conclusions: 3% v/v GS oil-modified conventional GIC is an optimistic formulation of a restorative material with enhanced physical properties and agreeable esthetic.


How to cite this article:
Aref NS, Abdallah RM. Could different formulations of grape seed (vitis vinifera) influence the physical properties of conventional glass ionomer cement?.Contemp Clin Dent 2021;12:383-388


How to cite this URL:
Aref NS, Abdallah RM. Could different formulations of grape seed (vitis vinifera) influence the physical properties of conventional glass ionomer cement?. Contemp Clin Dent [serial online] 2021 [cited 2022 May 23 ];12:383-388
Available from: https://www.contempclindent.org/article.asp?issn=0976-237X;year=2021;volume=12;issue=4;spage=383;epage=388;aulast=Aref;type=0