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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 125-134

Assessment of implant-related anatomical landmarks in the mandibular interforaminal region in an Iranian population using cone-beam computed tomography


1 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, School of Dentistry, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
2 Department of Orthodontic, School of Dentistry, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
3 Student Research Committee, School of Dentistry, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Sepideh Falah-Kooshki
School of Dentistry, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ccd.ccd_624_20

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Background: This study was aimed to assess the implant-related anatomical landmarks in the mandibular interforaminal region in an Iranian population using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). Methods: In this retrospective cross-sectional study, 378 CBCT images of the mandible were evaluated for the presence of the incisive canal, anterior loop of the inferior alveolar nerve (IAN), mandibular canal, mental foramen, and incisive canal. The effect of age and gender of patients on the abovementioned variables was also evaluated. Data were analyzed using independent t-test, analysis of variance, and Chi-square test. Results: The anterior loop and the incisive canal were present in 36.24% and 97.62% of the cases, respectively. The mean length of the anterior loop and the incisive canal was 2.70 ± 1.20 mm and 12 ± 3.29 mm in the right, and 2.86 ± 1.24 mm and 12.21 ± 3.38 mm in the left side, respectively. The mean diameter of the mental foramen and incisive canal was 4.25 ± 1.08 mm and 1.89 ± 0.46 mm in the right, and 4.21 ± 1.02 mm and 1.94 ± 0.45 mm in the left side, respectively. The descending path was the most common path of the incisive canal. The distance from the incisive canal to the buccal plate and inferior border of the mandible was significantly shorter in females (P < 0.001). Conclusion: Considering the high variability and clinical significance of the incisive canal and anterior loop of the IAN, and their high prevalence, it is recommended to assess the presence/absence of these structures in the interforaminal region of the mandible on CBCT scans before surgical procedures in this region.


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