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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 50-55

Assessment of serum parameters in stable coronary artery disease patients in correlation with healthy and chronic periodontitis patients

1 Department of Periodontics and Oral Implantology, Meghna Institute of Dental Sciences, Nizamabad, Telangana, India
2 Department of Periodontics and Oral Implantology, A.M.E's Dental College & Hospital, Raichur, Karnataka, India
3 Dental Surgeon, Raunak ht, Humayun Nagar, Mehdipatnum, Hyderabad, India
4 Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, HKDET's Dental College and Hospital, Humnabad, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Mukta V Sanikop
Senior Lecturer, Meghna Institute of Dental Sciences, Nizamabad -503003, Telangana
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ccd.ccd_659_20

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Background: Periodontitis is a chronic inflammatory disease and has been strongly associated with elevation of systemic markers such as C-reactive protein (CRP), fibrinogen (FIB), and lipid profile, which have also been significantly associated with coronary heart disease (CHD). Hence, there is a need to assess the possible association between chronic periodontitis and coronary artery disease. Materials and Methods: A study included 100 subjects divided into four groups. Group I: stable coronary artery disease with chronic periodontitis, Group II: stable coronary artery disease without chronic periodontitis, Group III: chronic periodontitis without coronary artery disease, and Group IV: healthy controls. Gingival index, Russell's periodontal index, pocket depth, and clinical attachment level were recorded. Venous blood was collected from the patients, and serum fibrinogen, CRP, and lipid profile levels were estimated. Results: The intragroup comparison of biochemical and periodontal parameters showed statistically significant results with P < 0.05. The intergroup comparison of serum FIB, total cholesterol, high density lipoprotein, low density lipoprotein, and clinical attachment level showed statistical significant results (P = 0.000, P = 0.000, P = 0.001, P = 0.025, and P = 0.000, respectively) between Groups I and III. Conclusion: The results of the study indicate that there might a possible correlation between coronary artery disease and chronic periodontitis, but periodontitis-cardiovascular link is complex and difficult to define though there is sufficient evidence for their association. Leakage of pro-inflammatory cytokines from the ulcerated periodontium causes the production of acute-phase proteins by the liver. To prove the relationship, further studies should be considered making use of other markers of inflammation with prospective randomized controlled studies involving large population.

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