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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 164-168

An In vitro evaluation to compare the surface roughness of glazed, reglazed and chair side polished surfaces of dental porcelain

Department of Prosthodontics and Crown and Bridge, Maharishi Markadeshwar College of Dental Science and Research, Mullana, Ambala, Haryana, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Sanjeev Mittal
Department of Prosthodontics and Crown and Bridge, Maharishi Markadeshwar College of Dental Science and Research, Mullana, Ambala - 133 207, Haryana
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ccd.ccd_86_20

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Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of glazing, reglazing, and chairside polishing on the surface roughness of dental porcelain. Materials and Methods: A total of 50 discs of feldspathic porcelain were fabricated using a metal mold of dimension 10 mm × 2 mm. Based on the surface treatment, the samples were divided into five groups. Group A – Glazed (control), Group B – Abraded and reglazed, Group C – Abraded and polished with porcelain adjustment kit (Shofu Dental Corp. PN 0301 Classic Plastic HP Kit, Shofu Inc., Kyoto, Japan), Group D – Abraded and polished with diamond polishing paste (Shofu Dental Corp. PN 0558 DirectDia, Shofu Inc., Kyoto, Japan), Group E-Abraded and polished with the combination of porcelain adjustment kit followed by diamond polishing paste. The surface roughness (Ra) values (μm) were evaluated by a profilometer (Mitutoyo Surftest SJ-310, Tokyo, Japan). The data obtained were statistically analyzed using one-way ANOVA and post hoc Tukey's test. Results: The mean surface roughness (Ra) of Groups A, B, C, D, and E was 0.567 ± 0.078 μm, 0.433 ± 0.059 μm, 0.882 ± 0.126 μm, 2.361 ± 0.195 μm, and 0.438 ± 0.043 μm, respectively. The samples of Group D (Polished with polishing paste alone) had the highest surface roughness (Ra value). Whereas the samples of Group B and E had similar surface roughness (Ra) value. Differences between Groups A, B, and E were statistically insignificant (P > 0.05). Conclusion: After adjustment of ceramic restorations in dental clinics, diamond polishing paste, when used after porcelain adjustment kit, could provide the marked finish equal to glazed or reglazed surface.

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