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Year : 2012  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 69-73

Management of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome secondary to temporomandibular joint ankylosis by mandibular elongation using distraction osteogenesis

Department of Orals and Maxillofacial Surgery, Government Dental College and Research Institute, Bangalore - 560 002, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Yadavalli Guruprasad
Department of Orals and Maxillofacial Surgery, AME's Dental College and Hospital, Raichur - 584 103
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0976-237X.94550

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Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is associated with repetitive nocturnal upper airway obstruction leading to daytime sleepiness, cardiovascular derangements, and can be a debilitating, even life-threatening condition. The most favorable treatment for patients with OSAS is multidisciplinary care by a team that represents various dental and medical disciplines. Prescribed therapies might include weight loss, behavior modification, oral appliances, soft tissue surgery, skeletal surgery, or some combination of approaches. Osteogenesis by mandibular distraction has proved effective in children in the treatment of obstructive apnea syndrome associated with congenital malformations. In the adult, the possibility of using distraction osteogenesis in the management of OSAS remains to be defined. We report a case of an adult patient treated for OSAS secondary to temporomandibular joint ankylosis by mandibular distraction followed by interpositional arthroplasty.

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