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Year : 2011  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 84-87

Editorial policy in reporting ethical processes: A survey of 'instructions for authors' in International Indexed Dental Journals

Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Sri Venkateshwara Dental College and Hospital, Anekal Road, Banerghatta, Bangalore, India

Correspondence Address:
Cugati Navaneetha
Lecturer in Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, AIMST University, Semeling 08100, Bedong, Kedah Darul Aman, Malaysia

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0976-237X.83066

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Background: The International Committee of Medical Journal Editors expects authors to report if their studies were carried out in accordance with the International Ethical Guidelines and Declaration of Helsinki; and inform readers regarding the same. Aims: To determine the proportion of International Indexed Dental Journals reporting on ethical clearance for human and animal research, obtaining of informed consent and / or assent, and the conduction of research in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki and International Medical Research, 2006. Settings and Design: A cross-sectional survey of 'instructions for authors,' for analysis of editorial policy on ethical processes, was done. Materials and Methods: One hundred and twenty-six dental journals (which included 50 general and 76 specialties) were reviewed for reporting, with regard to the Ethical Committee Approval for human and animal researches, obtaining of informed consent / assent from the research participants, and research in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki as well as International Medical Research 2006 were analyzed. Statistical Analysis Used: Descriptive statistics was used and results were expressed in percentages. Results: Of the 126 dental journals, 57 (45.23%) reported having obtained approval from the Ethics Committee, 33 (26.19%) were instructed about the Animal Ethics Committee approval, and 38 (30.15%) insisted on obtaining and reporting informed consent / assent. 41 (32.53%) journals expected authors to mention the research being conducted according to Declaration of Helsinki and and 3 (2.38%) journals required researches to be conducted in accordance with International Medical Research, 2006. Conclusions: A significant proportion of international indexed dental journals did not provide instructions to authors to report on the ethical approval, informed consent and / assent, and research conduction according to the Declaration of Helsinki as well as the International Medical Research, 2006.

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